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Courts Overview

Circuit Court

The Circuit Court for Baltimore County is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The court has full common law and equity powers in all civil, juvenile and criminal cases, along with additional powers and jurisdiction conferred by the Constitution and Maryland State law. It is the only court in the County having the authority to conduct jury trials. The court hears major civil cases, serious criminal matters including death penalty cases, juvenile and family law cases.

Learn more about the Circuit Court.

Clerk of the Court

Learn more about the Clerk of the Court.

District Court

Visit the Baltimore County District Court locations.

Orphan's Court

The Orphans' Court is a court of limited jurisdiction specializing in cases involving disputes about wills and/or codicils, the administration of estates, guardianships over property left to minors and protection of minors’ assets.

Learn more about the Orphan's Court.

Register or Wills

The Register of Wills is responsible for appointing personal representatives to administer decedents’ estates and for overseeing the proper and timely administration of these proceedings. We also perform the following duties:

  • assist and advise the public in the preparation of all required forms;
  • maintain and preserve the permanent record of all proceedings;
  • serve as the Clerk to the Orphans’ Court;
  • track estates and refer delinquent matters to the Court;
  • determine and collect inheritance taxes and probate fees/court costs;
  • audit accounts of personal representatives and guardians;
  • mail various notices and court orders to interested persons; and,
  • verify compliance with court orders. As a service we provide safekeeping for wills of living persons.

Visit the State of Maryland Register of Wills.

State's Attorney

The Baltimore County State's Attorney prosecutes felony, misdemeanor and juvenile cases in Baltimore County, Maryland.  

Learn more about the State's Attorney.

Revised September 21, 2011

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