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Date: May 1, 2017

County to Follow Constitution and Sound Policing Policy

In anticipation of a County Council bill slated to be introduced this evening, Baltimore County Executive Kevin Kamenetz issued a statement reiterating his commitment to protecting individual rights and public safety:

"My Executive Order provides that no County employee, including the police, may discriminate based on anyone's immigration status," Kamenetz said. "Further no individual may be detained past their scheduled release date unless a court order so states. My directive adheres to the Constitution and promotes sound policing practices."

The complete Executive Order is below:



                WHEREAS, Baltimore County residents fully support our country's rich heritage of welcoming immigrants from around the world who come to America seeking a better life in pursuit of the American Dream; and

                WHEREAS, Baltimore County has welcomed an increasingly diverse population that parallels statewide demographics; and

                WHEREAS, Baltimore County recognizes that public trust and confidence in local government and law enforcement policies are essential to a fair and orderly government; and

                WHEREAS, the Baltimore County Police Department prides itself on the positive relationship that it has maintained with the County’s resident population, including its immigrant community,  and maintenance of positive relationships are key to keeping our neighborhoods safe; and

                WHEREAS, as part of that relationship, all residents must feel safe and secure to cooperate with Baltimore County Police Officers to report crimes and offer assistance in resolving criminal activity; and

                WHEREAS, from time to time it is necessary to reiterate the policies and precepts necessary to maintain public order and discourse, consistent with the laws of the county, state, and federal governments, their respective judicial branch holdings, and the Constitutions of Maryland and the United States.

                NOW, THEREFORE, I, Kevin Kamenetz, as County Executive of Baltimore County, on this 5th day of April 2017, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Baltimore County Charter, do hereby promulgate the following EXECUTIVE ORDER for Baltimore County, Maryland:

                1. No Baltimore County Department, agency, officer or employee shall discriminate against any person within Baltimore County based on confirmed or suspected race, creed, religion, color, sex, age, national origin, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, status as a veteran, physical or mental disability, immigration status, and/or inability to speak English.

                2. No Baltimore County Department, agency, officer or employee shall condition the provision of County services or benefits on the immigration status of the individual seeking those services or benefits unless such conditions are lawfully imposed by federal or state law.

                3. No Baltimore County Police Officer shall make inquiry of a person's immigration status for the purpose of initiating civil enforcement of immigration proceedings, except in the case of a criminal warrant signed by a judicial official.

                4.  No personnel within the Police Department or Department of Corrections shall cause to be detained any individual beyond their court ordered release date, except upon reasonable belief of the existence of an order of detainer issued by a properly recognized judicial official.

                5. Nothing in this Executive Order shall be construed to prohibit any Baltimore County Police Officer or employee from participating in task force activities with county, state or federal criminal law enforcement authorities.

                6. Nothing in this Executive Order shall be construed to prohibit any Baltimore County Police Officer from investigating violations of criminal law.

                7. Nothing in this Executive Order shall be construed to prohibit any Baltimore County Police Officer from cooperating with federal immigration authorities in the investigation and apprehension of undocumented immigrants suspected of criminal activity.

                8. This Executive Order shall take effect immediately according to its terms.

By Teri Rising, Historic Preservation Planner, Baltimore County Department of Planning

The modern public school system in Baltimore County evolved over the course of several centuries into the system we enjoy today. While many schools were established through private efforts, after the American Revolution a national belief in the importance of accessible education led to a legislatively mandated educational program.  

Changes in transportation, industrialization, community planning and the education profession collectively impacted how school buildings were designed and where they were located. The simple one and two room schoolhouses of the 19th century would eventually be closed and consolidated into large classically designed buildings that were often replaced by the large sprawling school complexes of the suburban landscape.

Featured here are some of the surviving examples of historic school buildings that are located within County Historic Districts or are Baltimore County Landmarks.

Overlea Home School 108 Delrey Avenue, Catonsville - Built ca. 1853, it was adapted by Rev. Ebeling to serve as a boarding school for young men.

Among the numerous private academies, one of the most architecturally distinctive examples is the former Overlea Home School in Catonsville. During the Civil War, the Rev. George W. Ebeling, pastor of the Old Salem Lutheran Church in Catonsville, conducted a boy's school in his fortress-like home under the name Overlea Home School.  It was open from 1861 to 1895. After its use as a school ended, it became a private residence.

In addition to private academies, there are several that represent the County’s 19th century public school system and next generation of consolidated schools. Located within the County Historic District of Glyndon, the former brick Glyndon School building with its prominent belfry was constructed ca. 1887 by local builder Mr. John T. Marshall, Jr. for the Baltimore County School Board. It closed in 1930 as part of efforts to consolidate small one and two room schools. 

Glyndon School 4627 Butler Road, Glyndon – Constructed ca. 1887, the former school building was remodeled in 1932 by architect G. Walter Tovel to serve as the new home for the Women’s Club of Glyndon.



Efforts to institute educational opportunities for African American children in Baltimore County began after the Civil War. Many schools were aided by religious groups.  In northwest Baltimore County, the Piney Grove School survives as an example of this effort. Located on the same property as the Piney Grove United Methodist Church, the former school building was built ca. 1870 and incorporated into the County’s school system to be used exclusively for the education of African American children.

Piney Grove School 4929 Piney Grove Road – Constructed ca. 1870, the building was incorporated into the County’s school system for the education of African American children. With the assistance of the Maryland State African American Heritage Preservation Program, an anticipated rehabilitation of the school will restore its 19th century architectural details.

Within the County Historic District of Relay, two former schools survive, each representing a different era of educational history. The first Relay School was built ca. 1863 in a style typical of the schools of that era. Now used as a private residence, it was sold by Baltimore County in 1923 as part of the County’s consolidation efforts.  

Relay School (1863) 1548 South Rolling Road – Constructed ca. 1863 to serve the community before it was replaced as part of consolidation efforts.

Unlike some communities who had to travel much further to their new school, Relay’s replacement remained within their neighborhood. Constructed ca. 1921, the larger brick school continued to educate Baltimore County’s children until 1977.  

Relay School (1921) 1620 South Rolling Road – Constructed ca. 1921 as a replacement for the 19th century school, it educated Baltimore County’s children until 1977.  It currently serves as the home of the Relay Children’s Center.

While these buildings no longer serve their original educational purpose, each one tells a story about its community and reflects a particular era of Baltimore County educational history.

May is Preservation Month. Visit the Historical Society of Baltimore County museum and library to learn more about Baltimore County's heritage and a special program on the history of Baltimore County Public Schools.  The Historical Society of Baltimore County has partnered with The Education Foundation of Baltimore County Public Schools for a program on May 7, 2017.  Mr. E. Farrell Maddox, author of the book Building the Future, will be joining several speakers, including County School Superintendent Dr. S. Dallas Dance. 

Revised September 11, 2017