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The Resource

By Jeanette Garcia Polasky, Department of Public Works

Photo of a wedding dress

More people get engaged around the holidays than any other time of year. With January nearly over, many couples have already begun planning their upcoming nuptials.

Planning a wedding is no easy job, even when you have help. Sadly, while juggling all of those details and logistics, we tend to overlook the massive amount of waste weddings generate. According to, "The Green Bride Guide," by Kate Harrison, the average wedding produces 400 pounds of garbage and 63 tons of carbon dioxide.

We reached out to Reverend Laura C. Cannon, owner of the Maryland-based company, Ceremony Officiants, who has officiated weddings across the region for the last fifteen years. She suggests couples think outside the box to reduce waste when planning their ceremony and reception. "We need to start looking at traditional wedding elements from a more environmentally conscious lens,” she said. “While menu cards on the place settings and paper programs for the ceremony are traditional, they are also highly wasteful. Opt for a more eco-friendly approach and ditch the paper altogether, or consider writing the menu and ceremony program on something reusable, such as a mirror or chalkboard."

Baltimore County Bureau of Solid Waste Management Communications Specialist Richard Keller is pastor at Christ United Methodist Church of Baltimore County. He has married a number of couples in his 18 years as a pastor and gave us some excellent tips to help reduce wedding waste. “Weddings offer great opportunities for recycling and waste prevention,” he said. “You can do invitations online. If you are printing a program, it can be printed on recycled paper (containing at least 30 percent post-consumer waste). If you are having a reception, consider reusable dishes and drinkware, napkins with recycled content and recycling containers for any aluminum cans and plastic bottles. Ask for tickets to a museum, theatre, sporting event or similar experience instead of more kitchen equipment. Be creative in thinking about ways to recycle and prevent waste.”

Photo of a wedding table setting with flowers

Making sustainability and waste prevention part of your wedding plan can seem like a daunting task, but we have you covered with even more tips to help green your big day.

  • If you use a wedding planner, consider hiring one who specializes in sustainable weddings.
  • Talk to all prospective vendors about their sustainability practices before hiring them.
  • Select a foam-free florist. Opt for native, seasonal flowers. Use potted blooms where possible. Give centerpieces as favors.
  • If the wedding party has bouquets, set the head table with empty vases. When the party is seated at the reception, the bouquets can placed in the vases.
  • Refuse single-use: make sure your vendors do not use single-use plastics.
  • Select a caterer that offers local food sourcing and has practices in place to prevent food waste. If you and your loved ones are preparing the food, choose locally sourced ingredients and use a meal planning tool to help you determine just how much food to make. Make arrangements for leftover food to be donated to a local charity or shelter.
  • Choose a venue that is LEED certified.
  • Look for venues with built-in décor, such as gardens, historic architecture and fine art.
  • Decorate with vintage pieces, natural materials or reused/upcycled decorations.
  • Choose reusable linens and tableware.
  • Use solar lights or candles or LED lighting if needed.
  • Choose low- or zero-waste wedding favors, such as soaps, succulents or chocolate.
  • Choose Maryland-made products.
  • Try to have your ceremony and reception at the same place or very close by. Arrange shuttles and carpools for your guests if needed. 
  • Green your registry: ask for experiences, charitable donations and other sustainable gifts.
  • Have a vintage wedding gown, tuxedo or suit tailored instead of buying one new.
  • Rent tuxedos, suits and other wedding attire.
  • Considering a destination wedding? Make sure it doesn’t leave a huge carbon footprint.  

Find additional green wedding ideas on Brides.com, and visit our website to learn more about waste prevention

By Anne Marshall, Department of Public Works

Photo of someone checking boxes with a pink marker.

The term “waste prevention” describes the practice of not creating waste in the first place. By reducing what we buy and reusing what we already have, we surpass even recycling’s benefits in terms of resource preservation, pollution reduction and money savings.

Earlier this month, the Bureau of Solid Waste Management sought input through an online survey to learn how Baltimore County residents are preventing waste every day. Here are some of the survey results, thanks to this year’s 325 participants:

  • One hundred percent of respondents reported using energy-efficient light bulbs. Residents also commonly reported reusing tote bags (89 percent) and drink containers (81 percent).
  • Of the types of items listed in the survey, the least-used were refillable printer cartridges (15 percent) and high-mileage tires (47 percent).
  • Respondents most commonly donated clothing (97 percent) and books (86 percent). Medical equipment (19 percent) and tools (25 percent) were the least-donated items.
  • While cardboard boxes are recyclable, it’s best to reuse them first if possible, and respondents were doing an excellent job of that (97 percent). Another packaging material, bubble wrap, was also highly reused (82 percent).
  • Of the options listed on the survey, greeting cards were the least-reused (26 percent), with school and office supplies as the runner-up (47 percent).

Survey participants also shared many other tips and ideas for reducing waste at home:

  • Many residents suggested swapping or sharing items with friends, family and neighbors, or donating goods to organizations that need themthe Baltimore County Reuse Directory is a great resource for that. When looking to purchase, survey respondents recommended checking Freecycle groups or thrift shops before buying new.
  • Survey participants shared many ideas for reducing food waste specifically. Residents are planning meals in advance to ensure they only cook as much as they will eat, or if there are leftovers, they eat them right away or freeze them for later.
  • When getting take-out meals to eat at home, one Catonsville resident requests that the restaurant not include single-use extras like utensils, napkins and condiments, since he already owns more environmentally-friendly versions of those items. Other residents mentioned reusable straws as another way to reduce the need for single-use plastics.
  • Respondents reuse and repurpose plastic bags in many different ways. A resident in Woodlawn mentioned crocheting the bags into sleeping mats for the homeless; others suggested using the bags as trash can liners or “baggies” for pet waste.
  • Most tips from survey respondents had one theme in commonbuy less stuff. Before buying something new, one Timonium resident always asks the question, “Will this purchase make me better?” Many other residents emphasized maintaining items well and using them as much as possible before looking for a replacement, including vehicles, clothing and appliances.

Do you have a unique way of preventing waste at home, but missed this year’s survey? The Bureau of Solid Waste Management is always looking for ideas to share in The Resource newsletter and the Clean Green Baltimore County Facebook page.

By Jeanette Garcia Polasky, Department of Public Works

Photo of the interior of a vintage clothing store

From Los Angeles to New York, Boston and beyond, there’s a new holiday shopping “trend”: secondhand gifts. According to Accenture’s annual holiday shopping survey, more than half of respondents said they would consider giving thrifted gifts, and 56 percent said they would welcome receiving secondhand gifts. In fact, a recent report by ThredUp projects the resale market will nearly double by the year 2023.

Why are more consumers buying used? The benefits are many. When you buy “pre-owned” merchandise, you are preventing waste and reusing materials, which reduces your carbon footprint. Buying secondhand can help you save money, too. It can give you more buying power and allow you to purchase items you might not be able to afford new.

But let’s be honest—what makes secondhand shopping so fun is the finds! When you shop used, you can find unique and collectible gifts, as well as merchandise not currently available in stores. Sometimes you get really lucky and find items of value at bargain prices. For example, I recently bought a working antique German Black Forest cuckoo clock at a consignment shop for $20 that looks no different than new cuckoo clocks selling for $150 to $300 online. 

The truth is, buying used is nothing new. Some businesses are built on people’s willingness, or even eagerness, to buy used merchandise. By selling used items, these kinds of businesses make waste prevention an integral part of their business model.

I recently visited a few of the fun, unique resale shops in Baltimore County to get a look at their inventory and learn about the ways they prevent waste.

Photo of the Trax on Wax record store

Trax on Wax in Catonsville buys and sells new and used records, and their inventory is 90 percent used. They reuse record inner sleeves and sell earth-friendly tote bags. They also donate old unsellable LPs to schools, artists and libraries for reuse in arts and crafts projects.

10 Car Pile Up in Towson specializes in vintage clothing. Shane, the owner, seemed very knowledgeable about vintage garments and their care. I heard him giving customers clothing care instructions for their purchases. He told me to button up all of the buttons on the shirt I bought and turn it inside out before washing to preserve its collar and silver-rimmed, mother-of-pearl buttons. 

Ukazoo Books in Parkville is one of the few brick and mortar Baltimore County stores we could find that buys and sells new and used books. Like Trax on Wax, their inventory is also 90 percent used. Books that don’t sell are donated. When people bring in unsellable or unusable books, they are advised to place them out with their curbside recycling.

Race Pace Bicycles in Towson repairs bicycles (so you don’t have to buy a new one), rents bicycles and sells new and used bicycles. They also serve as a drop-off location for bicycle donations to Bikes for the World.

The Surprise Shop of Trinity Episcopal Church is a charming consignment shop in Towson that sells used clothing, accessories, jewelry, books, home décor and more. Merchandise that doesn’t sell is donated to help people in need through the Assistance Center of Towson Churches. 

Want to learn more? View photos from each visit, check out the list of local resale businesses below, and download the 2019-2020 Reuse Directory for information on reuse organizations throughout Baltimore County.  

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Revised October 25, 2019