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County Demographics

Baltimore County is situated in the geographic center of Maryland, surrounding Baltimore City almost entirely. Baltimore City and Baltimore County are separate political units. Baltimore County is the third-most populous county in Maryland, with a population of 828,431 in 2018. The population is projected to grow by two percent to 847,000 by 2020.

The County is the third-largest land area of any political subdivision in the state of Maryland, with 612 square miles and an additional 28 square miles of water. Over the past few decades, the predominant land use in the County has changed from rural to an urban and rural mix. Baltimore County is comprised of 29 unincorporated communities.

Explore key demographics below.

Population

Year

Baltimore County

Baltimore Metro *

State

2000

754,292

2,552,994

5,296,486

2010

805,029

2,710,489

5,773,552

2020 **

847,000

2,881,500

6,224,550

Source: U.S. Census; Maryland Department of Planning.
* Baltimore Metro encompasses Baltimore City and Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s counties.
** Projections

Population by Race-Ethnic Origin

Origin

2000

Percentage

2010

Percentage

Total Population

754,292

100

805,029

100

One Race

754,292

98.6

785,745

97.6

White

561,132

74.4

520,185

64.6

Black or African American

151,600

20.1

209,738

26.1

American Indian-Alaska Native

1,923

0.3

2,625

0.3

Asian

23,947

3.2

40,077

5

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

242

0

319

0

Source: U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2010 and 2017 data).

Population by Age (2017)

Age Group

Population

Percentage

Total Population

832,468 

Persons under five

49,222

5.9

Persons 5 to 19 years

152,785

18.3

20 to 44 years

267,747

32.2

45 to 64 years

223,835

26.9

65 years and older

138,879

16.7

Total

832,468

100

Median Age: 39.5

Source: U.S. Census Bureau (2017 American Community Survey One-Year Estimates).

Housing and Households

Type

Total

Housing Units (2017)

336,873

Owner-Occupied Housing Unit Rate (2013 to 2017)

65.8

Occupied Units (2013 to 2017)

312,859

Median Value of Owner-Occupied Housing Units (2013 to 2017)

$249,600

Median Gross Rent (2013 to 2017)

$1,224

Households (2013 to 2017)

312,859

Persons per Household (2013 to 2017)

2.58

Source: U.S. Census Bureau (2013-2017 American Community Survey Five-Year Estimates).

Educational Attainment

Baltimore County saw a significant increase in the number of residents with higher education credentials over the past four years. The number of residents with a bachelor's degree increased by 5.7 percent; those with graduate or professional degrees grew by 7.8 percent.

Educational Attainment

2017 Estimate

Percentage

Total population 25 years and over

578,536

 

Less than 9th grade

17,319

3.0

9th to 12th grade, no diploma

33,495

5.8

High school graduate (includes equivalency)

159,168

26.0

Some college, no degree

113,332

19.6

Associate's degree

38,246

6.6

Bachelor's degree

130,034

22.5

Graduate or professional degree

95,942

16.6

Percentage high school graduate or higher

 

91.2

Percentage bachelor's degree or higher

 

39.1

Source: American Community Survey One-Year Estimates (2014 and 2017).

Veteran, Disability and Citizenship Status

Veteran Status

2017 Estimate

Percentage

Civilian population 18 years and over

651,956

 

Civilian veterans

42,819

6.6

Disability Status of the Civilian Non-institutionalized Population

2017 Estimate

Percentage

Total civilian non-institutionalized population

824,193

 

Total civilian non-institutionalized population with a disability

92,385

11.2

Under 18 years

179,369

 

Under 18 years with a disability

5,630

3.1

18 to 64 years

511,057

 

18 to 64 years with a disability

45,707

8.9

65 years and over

133,767

 

65 years and over with a disability

41,048

30.7

U.S. Citizenship Status

2017 Estimate

Percentage

Foreign-born population

110,909

 

Naturalized U.S. citizen

60,375

54.4

Not a U.S. citizen

50,534

45.6

Source: American Community Survey (2017) One-Year Estimates.

Disclaimer of Data Accuracy

Data shown are based on currently available County, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), State and national datasets. If you have any questions related to the data presented, we encourage you to e-mail datasupport@baltimorecountymd.gov.

 
Revised June 19, 2019         

 

Department of Economic and Workforce Development

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