Baltimore County Now
Baltimore County Department of Planning
“Where do baby boomers and millenials want to live?,” Mr. Lee Sobel asked the Baltimore County Planning Board at a recent meeting. Millenials, aged 25-34, with college degrees and technical skills, make up a critical segment of the 21st century workforce. Their baby boomer parents aged 48-67 have the spending power that supports local businesses. Together, they make up half of the U.S. population.
They want to live and work in walkable, bikeable, “smart growth” communities, Mr. Sobel said. But the kinds of communities favored by these two groups are not sufficient to meet demand, according to Mr. Sobel.
Mr. Sobel should know. He is a real estate development and finance analyst at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Sustainable Communities.
Smart growth concentrates development where there is public infrastructure, conserving environmental resources and allowing public dollars to be used more efficiently. This development strategy increases a community’s competitiveness by attracting investment that boosts the local economy.
Baltimore County is a national leader in smart growth, having adopted these basic planning principles with its first master plan in the early 1980s. Residents of Baltimore County benefit from beautiful, open spaces and farms north of the Beltway, balanced by neighborhoods near shopping, schools and recreation in the more densely developed areas of the County. We see smart growth in White Marsh and Owings Mills, the County’s two designated growth areas. We see smart growth in Towson, where 1,500 new luxury apartments, new offices, an $85 million entertainment center already are attracting millenials and baby boomers to downtown.
New smart development concepts continue to come to the County. St. John Properties is developing Greenleigh at Crossroads, a $100 million project that will be Baltimore County's first major Town Center designed around the principles of "new urbanism." The 200-acre development in Middle River will include mid-rise Class "A" office buildings designed to satisfy the needs of large corporate users; a mix of 1,700 detached single family, town homes, multi-family and condos to address the need for quality housing; a network of open spaces and park lands to assure sustainable and environment-friendly development; and a coordinated streetscape that creates a pedestrian-friendly and connected community in the style of traditional neighborhood development. Greenleigh at Crossroads is the latest section to be developed in Baltimore Crossroads, a 1,000 acre mixed-use business community on Maryland Route 43 near Interstate 95 in White Marsh/Middle River.
Walkable? Yes. Bikeable? Yes. Smart growth? Yes.
We think Mr. Sobel would approve.
Andrea Van Arsdale, Director
Baltimore County Department of Planning
Have you ever ventured out past the Beltway and begun to notice office buildings, retail centers, and residential communities giving way to agricultural fields, pastures, and wooded stream valleys? These areas are not just beautiful scenery and they didn’t stay green by accident. The open fields and forested areas protect the tributaries to the Chesapeake Bay, shield the waterways from suburban runoff, and provide habitat for wildlife pressured by development.
You may wonder, how have these areas have managed to remain rural? Since 1967, Baltimore County has been protecting its agricultural and environmental resources through responsible and sustainable land use policies and regulations. As a result, we have a legacy of sustainable growth and remain a national leader in this movement.
Last year, the Maryland legislature passed Senate Bill 236, introducing similar land use strategies statewide. SB236 calls for all jurisdictions to classify their land according to four distinct growth tiers that define levels of residential development. Under the direction of County Executive Kamenetz, the Planning Department solicited input from a broad spectrum of stakeholders. Building upon that information and following the implementation guidelines from the State, the Planning Department established and mapped our four growth tiers. Within the County’s rural areas, the growth tiers set the number of houses served by individual septic systems. This serves to further prevent suburban sprawl and to encourage investment in the County’s established neighborhoods and older Beltway communities – the essence of smart growth.
Baltimore County’s Growth Tiers received highly favorable recognition from the Maryland Department of Planning and 1000 Friends of Maryland. We were proud to be one of the first in the state to submit our growth tiers map, especially since it was approved with no changes by the state. The County’s strong land use policies and regulations will help ensure the preservation of our agricultural heritage and the future health of the Chesapeake Bay.