Baltimore County Now
Chief Electrical Inspector
We often hear in the aftermath of a house fire that the cause of the fire was electrical. Since we all have electricity in our homes it’s easy to we feel vulnerable and helpless if you don’t understand how electrical fires get started.
Most electric fires are caused by loose connections, dryer lint, improper use of extension cords, old, non UL approved appliances, or worn out and broken switches and receptacles. According to the U.S. Fire Administration, there are more than 26,000 residential fires each year linked to electrical problems. In 2012, 8.3% of fatal residential fires were due to electrical malfunctions.
A little knowledge and some diligence on your part can prevent most fires in your home.
1) Empty the dryer lint tray after each load. Lint is extremely flammable and can be ignited by the heat from the dryer.
2) Never use extension cords as a permanent wiring method. The wires in a cord are significantly smaller than the wiring in your walls and, over time will heat up and catch fire. Also consider the use of UL rated cords and the addition of surge protected power strips.
3) Old appliances, switches, and receptacles should be replaced periodically.* They wear out and the connections inside separate slightly. When this happens, the electricity has to jump through the air to make the connection heating the air around the connection and starting a fire.
How often to change them depends on how often the device is used. Usually, light switches should be changed every 10 years at the latest. They crack internally and dry out. You can't see the problem so it's impossible to know that it needs to be changed. Use your best judgment with switches - the older switches were more solid and actually able to withstand much more that modern switches. Receptacles are a little bit easier. When the plugs no longer fit firmly in the socket it's time to replace the receptacle. When appliance cords become worn or the appliance begins behaving badly, it's time to replace or repair it.
4) If you have aluminum wiring in your home always have a licensed electrician make any repairs. Improper connections, or connection to devices that are not designed for aluminum wiring can start a fire.
5) If you observe your lights continually dim then grow bright, this could be a loose connection. Contact your utility company.
6) If you hear a sizzling noise coming from a switch or appliance; Find the circuit breaker for that circuit and turn it off. Contact a licensed electrician to check the circuit.
7) If you smell ozone, or an unusual electrical smell, this means that something electrical is heating up. Find the source and turn it off. Call a licensed electrician.
8) If you observe smoke or sparking contact the Fire Department.
It is always a good practice to make sure that the circuits in the breaker box are properly identified. This will help you find the source of a circuit quickly if you have an emergency.
Always check to make sure any appliance you purchase is approved by UL or some other recognized testing laboratory.
Never use unlicensed electrical contractors. Baltimore County licenses over 4400 electrical contractors who are qualified to serve you.
If you have any questions or concerns you may call 410 887-3960 Monday through Friday 8 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Lionel van Dommelen
Chief, Baltimore County Code Enforcement Division
It’s not often that you hear the words “rats” and “good news” in the same sentence. But, I am pleased to report that through a combined effort of collaborative community education and old-fashioned rat remediation, we are seeing significant progress against rodent infestation in neighborhoods of the County where this has been an ongoing problem.
Rats deserve their bad reputation. They are sneaky, dirty, disease-carrying creatures that feed on garbage, pet waste, old pet food and burrow under homes, sheds, wood piles and debris. The rat was blamed for the outbreak of Bubonic Plague in 14th century Europe. In fact, the blame should fall more on the Europeans since the normal practice back then was to simply throw waste into the street, attracting rats and their fleas that spread the “Black Death.”
In the Code Enforcement Division, our job is to protect the health, safety and appearance of our Baltimore County neighborhoods. Our Rat Attack program has been a priority of County Executive Kevin Kamenetz’s administration and of the County Council, with leadership from 7th District Councilman John Olszewski, Sr. In late 2011, at his request, the County Council authorized up to $750,000 over five years in a concentrated effort to control the growing rat population in specific areas around the County with documented rodent problems. Since last April, we have achieved quantifiable and reproducible results – fewer rat sightings, good inspection reports and plenty of new rodent-proof trash containers set out on trash day.
Even in modern times, human behavior is the biggest factor that allows rats to grow, thrive and multiply. We ask our residents to eliminate food sources and burrowing opportunities:
- handle and store trash properly by using and maintaining rodent resistant trash containers
- raise sheds and firewood piles off the ground
- remove junk and debris piles
- regularly pick up and properly dispose of pet waste
- clean up pet food and birdseed