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Demographics

Introduction to Baltimore County | Population | EducationIncome | Business | Housing | Contacts | Unemployment

Introduction to Baltimore County

Baltimore County is situated in the geographic center of Maryland, surrounding the City of Baltimore almost entirely. The City of Baltimore and Baltimore County are entirely separate political units. The County is the largest jurisdiction in the Baltimore-Towson Metro Area, with a population in excess of 2.6 million.

Over the past few decades, the basic demography of the County has changed from predominately rural to an urban and rural mix. The County is the third-largest land area of any political subdivision in the state of Maryland. Within its 612 square miles – plus an additional 28 square miles of water – are situated at least 29 identifiable, unincorporated communities which, as of the year 2000, ranged in population from approximately 4,300 to 63,000. The County’s overall population grew 6.7 percent from 2000 to 2010. Today the County has the third-largest population in the state of Maryland, and the second-largest number of jobs.

Population

Population Changes in Baltimore County, the Metro Area and the State

Year

Baltimore County

 Change

Metro

Change

State

Change

1970

620,409

     (X)

2,071,016

       (X)

3,923,897

(X)

1980

655,615

5.7%

2,174,023

5.0%

4,216,975

7.5%

1990

692,134

5.6%

2,382,172

9.6%

4,781,468

13.4%

2000

754,292

9.0%

2,552,994

7.2%

5,296,486

10.8%

2010

805,029

6.7%

2,710,489

6.2%

5,773,552

9.0%

Source: U.S. Census 1970-2010, Maryland Department of Planning. Planning Data Services March 2010.

Population by Age 

2000

%

2010

%

Total Population

754,292

100.0

805,029

100.0%

 Under 5 years

45,252

6.0%

48,074

6.0

 5 to 9 years

50,423

6.7%

47,454

5.9

 10 to 14 years

52,541

7.0%

49,231

6.1

 15 to 19 years

49,476

6.5%

56,294

7.0

 20 to 24 years

45,112

6.0%

57,772

7.2

 25 to 34 years

101,340

13.4%

103,555

12.9

 35 to 44 years

123,444

16.4%

102,844

12.7

 45 to 54 years

108,542

14.4%

121,216

15.1

 55 to 59 years

37,849

5.0%

54,414

6.8

 60 to 64 years

29,978

4.0%

46,699

5.8

 65 to 74 years

55,573

7.4%

32,328

4.0

 75 to 84 years

42,005

5.6%

40,325

5.0

 85 years and over

12,757

1.7%

20,681

2.6

Median age (years)

37.7

(X)

39.1

 (X)

Source: U.S. Census 2000 and 2010 prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning.

Population by Race

 

2000

%

2010

%

Total Population

754,292

100.0%

805,029

100.0%

One race

743,529

98.6%

785,745

97.6

 White

561,132

74.4%

520,185

64.6

Black or African American

151,600

20.1%

209,738

26.1

American Indian and Alaska Native

1,923

0.3%

2,625

0.3

 Asian

23,947

3.2%

40,077

5.0

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

242

0.0%

319

0.0

 Other race

4,685

0.6%

10,959

1.6

Two or more races

10,763

1.4%

19,284

2.4

Source: U.S. Census 2000 and 2010 prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning.

Population by Hispanic Origin

  

2000

2010

%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race)

13,774

33,735

4.2

 Source: U.S. Census 2000 and 2010 prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning.

Population by Sex

 

2000

%

2010

%

Total population

754,292

100.0%

805,029

100.0%

Male

357,347

47.4%

380,409

    47.3

Female

396,945

52.6%

424,620

     52.7

Source: U.S. Census 2000 and 2010 prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning.

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Education and Income

Population by Education

  

2000

%

2005-2009

%

Population over 25 years

511,434

100.0%

536,014

100.0%

High School Graduate (including equivalency)

141,035

27.6%

149,969

28.0

Associate Degree

28,857

5.6%

32,434

6.1

Bachelor Degree

92,487

18.1%

107,802

20.1

Professional Degree or Doctorate

63,854

12.5%

76,194

14.2

Source: U.S. Census Decennial 2000
American Community Survey 2005-2009 Social Characteristics Five-Year Estimates.

Population by Employment 

 

2000

%

2010

%

Employed civilian population 16 years and over

379,705

100.0%

402,467

100.0%

 

 +

 +

 +

 +

Occupations

 +

 +

 +

 +

Managerial, professional, and related occupations

149,884

39.5

175,747

41.2

Service occupations

50,193

13.2

64,02

14.8

Sales and office occupations

110,226

29.0

111,011

27.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

419

0.1

488

0.1

Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations

30,346

8.0

25,769

6.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

38,637

10.2

33,836

8.4

 

 +

 +

 +

 +

Industry

 +

 +

 +

 +

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining

914

0.2

1,134

0.3

Construction

22,494

5.9

21,815

5.4

Manufacturing

34,029

9.0

22,328

5.5

Wholesale trade

12,893

3.4

9,439

2.3

Retail trade

42,862

11.3

42,4

11.0

Transportation and warehousing, and utilities

18,728

4.9

19,389

4.8

Information

12,314

3.2

10,116

2.5

Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing

36,030

9.5

37,367

9.3

Professional, scientific, management, administrative, waste management services

40,049

10.5

45,231

11.2

Educational, health and social services

87,102

22.9

112,151

27.9

Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services

24,780

6.5

28,635

7.1

Other services (except public administration)

18,471

4.9

18,309

4.5

Public administration

29,039

7.6

34,631

8.6

Source: U.S. Census Decennial 2000 
American Community Survey 2010

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Income

Households

 

2000

%

2010

%

Households

300,020

100.0

315,975

100.0

Less than $10,000

16,784

5.6

16,071

5.1

$10,000 to $14,999

12,875

4.3

11,384

3.6

$15,000 to $24,999

31,596

10.5

22,426

7.1

$25,000 to $34,999

36,576

12.3

28,040

8.9

$35,000 to $49,999

49,581

16.5

43,813

13.9

$50,000 to $74,999

68,083

22.7

63,231

20.0

$75,000 to $99,999

38,584

13.0

45,013

14.2

$100,000 to $149,999

29,269

9.8

51,634

16.3

$150,000 to 199,999

7,722

2.6

18,272

5.8

$200,00 or more

8,950

3.0

16,091

5.1

Median household income

$50,667

(X)

$62,543

(X)

 

 +

     +

 +

With earnings

$243,270

81.1

$254,505

80.5

 Mean earnings

$64,064

(X)

$82,093

(X)

With Social Security income

$81,407

27.1

$86,799

27.5

Mean Social Security income

$12,459

(X)

$17,446

(X)

With Supplemental Security Income

$9,315

3.1

$12,485

4.0

Mean Supplemental Security Income

$6,777

(X)

$9,235

(X)

With public assistance income

$5,161

1.7

$7,707

2.4

Mean public assistance income

$2,785

(X)

$4,197

(X)

With retirement income

$61,535

20.5

$64,919

20.5

Mean retirement income

$18,132

(X)

$22,810

(X)

* in 2010 inflation adjusted dollars

Families

 

2000

%

 2010

%

Families

199,946

100.0

205,613

100.0

Less than $10,000

6,444

3.2

7,102

3.5

$10,000 to $14,999

4,479

2.2

3,496

1.7

$15,000 to $24,999

14,516

7.3

8,882

4.3

$25,000 to $34,999

20,648

10.3

14,831

7.2

$35,000 to $49,999

31,971

16.0

24,183

11.8

$50,000 to $74,999

50,561

25.3

40,990

19.9

$75,000 to $99,999

31,532

15.8

33,293

16.2

$100,000 to $149,999

25,180

12.6

42,010

20.4

$150,000 to $199,999

6,746

3.4

16,526

8.0

$200,000 or more

7,869

3.9

14,300

7.0

Median family income

59,998

(X)

$77,137

(X)

Per capita income

26,127

(X)

$32,322

(X)

Male full-time, year round workers

34,946

(X)

$52,012

(X)

Female full-time, year-round workers

24,631

(X)

$44,192

(X)

* in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census
American Community Survey 2010

Effective Buying Income 2008

In 2007, Baltimore County's Estimated Median Household Effective Buying Income of $47,696 was 14.8 percent higher than the $41,527 Estimated Median Household Effective Buying Income for the United States.

Distribution

Baltimore
County

Metro

State

United States

Less than $15,000

8.4%

10.6%

9.0%

13.4%

$15,000-$34,999

23.1

21.0

19.5

26.3

$35,000-$49,999

18.1

16.3

16.3

18.5

$50,000 and Over

50.4

52.0

55.0

41.6

*  Effective Buying Income (EBI) is a classification developed exclusively by Sales and Marketing Management to distinguish it from other sources, reporting income statistics and is defined as all money income less personal tax and non-tax payments. The latter includes fines, fees, penalties, and personal contributions to social insurance.

Source: Claritas 2010, Demographic Updates.

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Business 

Business Establishments     

Fiscal Year

Number of Establishments

2011

21,143

2010

21,309

 2009

21,466

2008

21,793

2007

22,180

2006

21,740

2005

21,338

2004

20,832

2003

20,050

2002

19,900

2001

19,358

2000

19,463

Source: Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation. Employment and Payrolls – County Industry Series 2000-2009 (First quarter).

Retail Sales

Baltimore County continues to generate more per capita retail sales than the Baltimore Metropolitan Area and the State of Maryland.

 

Baltimore County

Baltimore Metro Area

State of Maryland

Year

Total (000's)

Per Capita

Total (000's)

Per Capita

Total (000's)

Per Capita

2000

10,699,399

14,746

29,458,533

11,764

62,221,036

11,964

2001

11,714,278

15,434

31,992,064

12,468

66,360,448

12,438

2002

11,693,586

15,167

31,994,568

12,308

66,162,252

12,202

2003

12,626,013

16,173

34,565,261

13,115

70,942844

12,872

2004

13,397,907

17,192

36,930,747

14,049

76,380,292

13,750

2005

14,214,638

18,034

39,824,391

15,057

82,174,925

14,667

Source: Sales and Marketing Management. Survey of Buying Power, 2000-2005.

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Housing

Housing Value

 

2000

%

2010

%

Total owner-occupied units

202,574

100.0

206,222

100.0

Less than $50,000

3,432

1.7

5024

2.4

$50,000 to $99,999

56,256

27.8

4,342

2.1

$100,000 to $149,999

73,014

36.0

13,706

6.7

$150,000 to $199,999

31,279

15.4

30,487

15.0

$200,000 to $299,999

22,715

11.2

72,178

35.2

$300,000 to $499,999

11,380

5.6

53,414

26.0

$500,000 to $999,999

3,520

1.7

23,855

12.0

$1,000,000 or more

975

0.48

2,727

1.3

Median (dollars)

125,700

(X)

265,200

(X)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau: Decennial 2000
American Community Survey 2010

Housing Occupancy

 

2000

%

2010

%

Total Housing Units

313,734

100.0%

335,622

100.0

Occupied housing units

299,877

95.6

316,715

94.4

Vacant housing units

13,857

4.4

18,907

5.6

 +

+

+

+

+

Homeowner vacancy rate (percent)

N/A

N/A

1.8%

(X)

Rental vacancy rate (percent)

N/A

N/A

7.1%

(X)

Source: US Census 2000 and 2010 prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning.

 Housing Market Indicators 2007, 2008, 2009

 

FY 2007

August 2008

August 2009

% Change 08-09

Total Sold Dollar Volume

$230,662,635

$177,008,087

$154,365,630

-12.79%

Average Sold Price

$306,325

$306,773

$273,214

-10.94%

Median Sold Price

$256,500

$250,000

$225,000

-10.00%

Total Units Sold

753

577

565

-2.08%

Average Days on Market

83

104

117

12.50%

Average List Price for Sold

$320,227

$334,771

$299,279

-10.60%

Average Sale Price as a percentage of Average List Price

95.66%

91.64%

91.29%

N/A

Source: Metropolitan Regional Information Systems, Inc.- MLS Resale Data: Real Estate Trend Indicator - Detached/Attached less than $100,000 to $5 million format

Housing Tenure 

 

2000

%

2010

%

Occupied housing units                                                           

299,877

100.0%

316,715

100.0%

Owner-occupied housing units

202,579

67.6

211,571

66.8

Renter-occupied housing units

97,298

32.5

105,144

33.2

 

 +

 +

          +

   +

Average household size of owner-occupied units

2.46

 (X)

2.59

(X)

Average household size of renter-occupied units

N/A

 (X)

2.24

(X)

Source: U.S. Census 2000 and 2010 prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning.

Households by Type

 

2000

%

2010

%

 Total households

299,877

100%

316,715

100%

Family households (families)

198,605

 66.2

205,113

64.8

With own children under 18 years

62,950

 20.9

87,703

27.7

Married-couple families

148,099

 49.4

144,119

45.5

With own children under 18 years

63,107

 21.0

57,086

18.0

Male householder, no wife present

12,108

 4.0

15,166

4.8

With own children under 18 years

5,914

 1.9

6,783

2.1

     Female householder, no husband present 

38,398

 12.8

45,828

14.5

    With own children under 18 years

21,690

 7.2

23,834

7.5

       Nonfamily households

100,135

 33.4

111,602

35.2

     Householder living alone 

 81,863

27.3

89,478

28.3

 65 years and older

31,735

 10.6

34,575

11.1

 +

 +

 +

 +

     Households with one or more people under 18 years

100,033

 33.4

99,474

31.4

   Households with one or more people 65 years and over

69,601

 23.2

84,942

26.8

 +

 +

 +

 +

Average household size

 2.46

 (X)

2.48

(X)

Average family size

 3.00

 (X)

3.04

(X)

Source: U.S. Census 2000 and 2010 prepared by the Maryland Department of Planning.

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Contacts

Baltimore County Infobank - An index of informational and data links for demographics and business information.
Maryland State Data Center - 410-767-4450
Maryland Department of Planning - 877-767-6272
Baltimore County Department of Economic Development - 410-887-8000
Baltimore Metropolitan Council - 410-732-0500
U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey - 888-456-7215

Revised June 11, 2013